Thursday, January 26, 2023

Laminitis for Horses from too High Grain Diet


As we all know diet and exercise plays a vital part to be healthy, not only for humans but for horses as well. And you would agree that sometimes balancing diet and exercise is easier said than done. Laminitis for horses can occur when overfeeding grains during low activity times.

This balancing is especially important in cold weather. Horses tend to stay at their stable, get less work or be sedentary while eating more.

According to Dr. Kellon, horses normally have to spend calories in winter. It helps to maintain their normal body temperature. And hay is the first good choice to feed because it is fermented in the hind gut which generates heat. But since hay is also low in calories, dense sources like grains may be a good addition if they are using too much energy.

Grains are an easily available source of calories. There are people that tend to feed their horse grains for a variety of other reasons. Including admirable ones, such as trying to make the horse happy. But the fact is the more you push grain into your horse, the more likely the horse is to develop a problem. Why?

Here’s the reasons grain can be a problem:

  1. Overfeeding them with grains may result in overweight horses. Especially horses with less regular work or exercise to burn calories. Overweight horses have a higher percentage of insulin problems. And insulin problems may cause laminitis.
  2. Grains naturally contain higher levels of sugar and starch.
  3. High-grain diets have been also associated with all sorts of other problems, even behavioural problems.

Follow the recommended feeding rates to control the intake of sugar and starch. Taking into consideration their level of activity. Make sure also that you keep your grain secure with latches on doors and secure tops on storage bins. This helps to prevent accidental access and overeating. These cautions will help to prevent laminitis development and other problems.

Helpful tip: Allow your horse to lose weight or maintain a body score of around 2.5/5 during winter. That allows their systems enough capacity to cope with seasonal fluctuations in grass sugar levels in spring. And prevent them from laminitis development as well.

Hay and Grains sometimes won’t work so well for horses with metabolic problems. A fat supplement can be helpful since all the horse needs is extra calories and fat supplies. That is 5 times the calories of average grass hay and triple that of plain oats.

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Tuesday, January 10, 2023

Rugging Horses in Winter

Rugging horses can be a valuable asset when the weather turns cold.

Horses that are well-nourished and kept warm in cold weather are less likely to suffer from illness or injury.

Some people also keep rugs around their horses’ stalls to help them stay comfortable and dry.

But before deciding to rug your horse there are some important factors to consider first.

Factors to consider when rugging a horse

  • Horses are very adaptable to different climates

The horse is a warm-blooded animal. It tries to keep its central (core) temperature close to 38°C irrespective of what the environmental conditions around it are. So, horses can be active all year round, and their activity does not decrease when it’s cold or hot.

But the disadvantage is that it must take in a lot more energy to generate the heat to keep the body at the optimal temperature. And it must use energy to cool itself down when the weather is hot.

Environment also plays a large part in the rugging decision. If horses are in large paddocks that have a variety of undulation they then have the ability to move into warmer or less windy locations by choice. In those situations rugs will often not be needed at all as the horses can regulate themselves.

Wind shelter is the most effective element for allowing horses to regulate their own conditions.

  • Don’t rug horses based on how cold you feel!

In general, horses are comfortable between 5-25℃, whilst humans are comfortable between 25-30℃. That means that we feel cold before horses do, but horses feel hot before we do.

Outside of the horse’s thermoneutral zones (5-25℃) is when the horse must use other means to keep warm or cool.

  • Rugs can prevent sunlight from reaching the skin which is necessary for the generation of Vitamin D.

An hour a day exposure without a rug should be enough.

  • It is best to start with lighter rugs and move to thicker rugs as it gets colder.

Especially because over rugging may cause your horse to be too hot and sweaty. Sweating causes the skin to become hyper-hydrated and more prone to damage and infection.

  • Older horses, young horses, thin horses and clipped horses will need rugs first

Young horses are smaller and often have less body fat and will lose heat more rapidly. Older horses can have a reduced ability to control their body temperature. Thin horses may not have enough body fat to insulate against the cold weather. Clipped horses have a shorter coat which may have less ability to retain heat.

  • Weather, breed, coat, diet and shelter also have a contributing factor

Horses in small enclosures without access to windbreak shelters will need thicker rugs as the temperature drops.

Tip: Some horses cope better with cold than others. So whilst there are general rules, it’s still important to observe the individual horse.

How to determine your horse’s temperature?

A good spot to determine is by placing your hand under the rug behind the withers. If it feels cold then you may want to consider a thicker rug. If it feels damp then you may want to consider removing the rug as it’s likely your horse is too warm.


It is evident that horses can be rugged during the winter months with the proper care. By following a few simple tips, horse owners can help their horses stay healthy and comfortable during the cold weather.

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Why Is Feeding Before a Ride Beneficial?


Horseback riding is a fun and exhilarating experience. However, before you jump on a horse and go for a ride, you should always feed them. Here’s a look at why feeding your horse before a ride can be beneficial.

The Benefits of feeding a horse before a ride

  • It provides energy and sustenance, which can help to prevent fatigue.
  • It also helps to build a bond between the horse and rider.
  • And most important, it helps in preventing acid burns and ulcers and other digestive issues.

The Digestive Process

The stomach of a horse has a glandular and non-glandular portion. Acid sits on the glandular portion of the stomach which is below the non-glandular section. These acids splash up when a horse moves with an empty stomach.

The Risks associated with not feeding a horse before a ride

  • The splashing of stomach acid up can cause burns and ulcers in the non-glandular portion of the stomach
  • Horses can become weak and tired.

Tips for pre-ride feeding

  • Feed your horse with forage before you ride. It can help to create an acid cap in their stomach that helps prevent the splashing of stomach acid up into the non-glandular portion of the stomach.
  • Provide them with quality fiber. Fiber can aid in the prevention of ulcers.

How much forage should you feed a horse before riding?

  • 2 kgs – 2 hours without forage
  • 1-2 kgs – Half an hour to 2 hours without forage
  • 250-500g – whilst being tacked up

Remember, every horse is different and some may need more or less hay than others. It’s important to get to know your horse and their individual nutritional needs.


Feeding a horse before a ride can provide many benefits that make the experience more enjoyable for both horse and rider.

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Can Horses Swim

Yes! A horse can swim. Many vets and training institutes suggest swimming for the horses for their fitness. It is always a fun activity during a warm sunny day as long as you and your horse are ready for it. To prepare any pet for swimming, you have to train him physically as well as mentally. It is essential to teach them how he can enjoy in the lake, river, or even in the ocean. You have to create your own signals that can help your horse to learn faster and swim safer.

How Do Horses Swim?

Level 1: Train Your Horse On The Ground

If you think that you should train your horse to the edge of the water, I am afraid it is not the right approach. Firstly, you have to teach him the basic cues on some firm grounds. He must understand how to respond when you approach him with the basic rein cues. Once you and your horse are in the water, you will be unable to see each other. So, teach your horse how to behave in the water and not get scared/panicked during swimming.

Level 2: Find A Safe And Clean Swimming Spot

After completing the training on the ground, find a safe swimming spot. Carefully check if there are some obstacles underwater. If there are some broken trees, branches, or other garbage such as glasses, pilings, etc., remove them. Also, make sure there is not a steep drop-off or deep mud into the water. The underwater bottom should be sandy and must have a lot of space for the horse to swim.

Level 3: Prepare Your Horse Mentally

Before going to the swimming place, keep one thing in mind that if your horse hesitates or refuses to come into the water, it is not the right time. Teach him or revise all the cues to make him aware of the little bit of water before causing him to swim. Also, as a horse’s legs are long, you should use a stick to know how the bottom may react to the force. Plan to get wet and muddy before swimming. Train them to keep their eyes, ears, and nose above the water surface.

Level 4: Training In The Shallow Water

Many horses are fascinated by water. Initially, they roll and make noises enjoying the water. But, he doesn’t want to do anything more than that. He tries every possible way not to go in the water. That’s why it is essential to review your ground lessons. This way, you can guide him to move ahead and stay in the water. Give him time to look and smell it so that he can convince himself that the water, the swimming spot, and swimming as a whole is safe. He and his master both will be fine here.

Being a rider, you have to make sure that you can’t afford to go into the water until and unless you are fully confident about the excellent control. Firstly, give him the ‘Go Forward’ cue. If it doesn’t work out, go somewhere else, and revise the signals. Never force him as it is dangerous for you both. You can try to pamper him by splashing some water on his belly, chest, or legs. Most horses love it and allow you to splash even on the back. Make him realize that water is a fun thing.

Level 5: Allow Your Horse To Swim

Cues and exercises make the swimming activity easy for the horse and help you to move your horse further into the water. Let your horse take his time. He may make circles, and after some time, he starts swimming in the same formations. At the time of swimming, just like humans, he will bring his hind legs up and stretch them to the side and then behind. (Never swim behind the horse and have a safe distance to avoid his kicks under the water.)

This way, a horse can swim. Many people also ask me if a horse can swim with a rider or not. Let me give you some information about the same.

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Wednesday, January 26, 2022

Adequan For Horses

 Adequan treats both the symptoms and the underlying degenerative disease process of horse’s joint problems, Adequan i.m. Single Dose, 7-Vials may be a good choice.

First, Adequan has important anti-inflammatory effects, so it is able to provide relief from the symptoms of joint damage: heat, swelling, pain and lameness. And Adequan can be found in synovial fluid at full herapeutic levels within only two hours of an intramuscular injection. Also, Adequan is a product with potent ability to block the action of the destructive enzymes that threaten to perpetuate the joint inflammation, attack the cartilage and break down synovial fluid.

Second, Adequan stimulates the synovial membrane to manufacture new, viscous synovial fluid to replace the thin fluid that was produced when the joint became injured. By improving this fluid, Adequan helps the joint regain its ability to lubricate and guard itself against further inflammation, and helps reestablish nutrition to the cartilage. And, Adequan attaches itself to damaged cartilage where it has a positive effect on cartilage metabolism. This should favor the cartilage repair process.

Adequan is the only joint treatment proven to reduce the inflammation and pain of degenerative joint disease, but also to help stop the degenerative process while stimulating the production of new joint fluid and new cartilage components. You are no longer just treating symptoms: you’re doing something to help stop the degenerative process.


Adequan i.m. is recommended for the intramuscular treatment of non-infectious degenerative and/or traumatic joint dysfunction and associated lameness of the carpal and hock joints in horses.

Key Benefits

  • The only joint treamtent with proven results
  • Fast results within hours
  • Easy-to-use with a single injection


Active Ingredient

Polysulfated Glycosaminoglycan (PSGAG), 500 mg / 5 mL

Dosage and Administration

The recommended dose of Adequan i.m. in horses is 500 mg every 4 days for 28 days intramuscularly. The injection site must be thoroughly cleansed prior to injection. Do not mix Adequan i.m. with other drugs or solvents.


There are no known contraindications to the use of intramuscular Polysulfated Glycosaminoglycan.


Do not use in horses intended for human consumption. Not for use in humans. Keep this and all medications out of the reach of children.


The safe use of Adequan i.m. in horses used for breeding purposes, during pregnancy, or in lactating mares has not been evaluated.

Animal Safety

Toxicity studies were conducted in horses. Doses as high as 2,500 mg were administered intramuscularly to 6 horses twice a week for 12 weeks. This dosage is 5 times the recommended dosage and 3 times the recommended therapeutic regimen. Clinical observations revealed no soreness or swelling at the injection site or in the affected joint. No animal had any clinical or laboratory evidence of toxicity.


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Sunday, December 19, 2021

Dexaphenyl Anti-inflammatory



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– Anti-inflammation, analgesic, antipyretic.

– The combination between of phenylbutazone and dexamethasone enhance animal’s resistance during training and exercise or working with high pressure. Naquadem naquasone 20 ml

METHOD OF ADMINISTRATION: Apply 5 ml for 5 days – IM (suspend 7 days before the race).

IV and IM administration.

– Horse and camel: 4 ml/ 100 kgs BW

– Dogs: 0.5 ml/ 10 kgs BW. A-oil 74% pure n-formylamphetamine

Withdrawal period: 07 days before slaughter

Contra-indication: Do not use for hypersensitive animals to any component.


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Thursday, October 21, 2021



Best Medication use in horse racing has become a hot topic across the country. Uniform standards have been established by the Racing Medication and Testing Consortium (RMTC) for the United States. However, not all states are following these guidelines.1,2 The National Uniform Medication Program consists of medication rules, penalties, and testing guidelines. Additionally, the policy contains the Controlled Therapeutic Substances list, a policy limiting administration of furosemide to third-party veterinarians, a multiple medication violation penalty system, and a laboratory quality assurance program.1

Best Medication Use In Horse Racing : Approved Controlled Therapeutic Medications

The RMTC has established a list of 30 approved controlled therapeutic medications that have use for treating medical conditions in horses, along with withdrawal guidelines to avoid positive tests during races.1 For example, omeprazole may be used to treat or prevent ulcers in horses, and it is recommended to be stopped approximately 24 hours prior to racing.1 It is important to note that administration of more than 1 medication can affect the time for the drug to leave the system, which can cause a positive drug test. Twenty-six states have currently adopted the Controlled Therapeutic Substances List.1 The following medication classes are generally banned from horse racing: anabolic steroids, peptide hormones and growth factors, beta-2 agonists, hormone and metabolic modulators, and certain diuretics.1

The Furosemide Controversy

One controversial medication issue is the use of furosemide (Lasix, Validus) on race day. It is typically administered 4 hours prior to a race to prevent exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage (EIPH), which causes bleeding in the lungs and from the nose of horses during strenuous exercise. Since furosemide reduces plasma volume, it is thought to lower blood pressure in the lungs to prevent bleeding. However, there is mixed evidence regarding the efficacy of furosemide for EIPH. In fact, a recent study demonstrated that administration of furosemide both 4 and 24 hours prior to high-speed training did not prevent EIPH. The study did show that furosemide reduced the severity of EIPH in those horses affected with this condition.

The American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine issued a consensus statement that EIPH is considered a disease, and offers a weak recommendation for the use of furosemide for the management of racehorses with EIPH.3 Many questions have been raised as to whether furosemide can be considered performance enhancing, since with fluid loss horses may race faster. Also, diuretics can potentially mask the use of banned drugs. Europe and Australia have banned the use of furosemide on race day due to these concerns.6 There are actually 28 states that allow the use of furosemide on race day, including Kentucky, which is home to one of the most well-known races, the Kentucky Derby, that occurs annually in May.1 Interestingly, California allows conjugated estrogens and furosemide on race day. Conjugated estrogens have not shown a therapeutic benefit for EIPH.

There is currently a federal bill, known as the Horseracing Integrity Act, supported by 64 trainers, that was introduced last year which would establish an agency to monitor medication policy in horse racing and would ban race day furosemide.7 Although there is support for this bill, some opposition remains among the racing industry. The program would consist of the following measures: anti-doping and medication control rules; lists of permitted and prohibited substances; prohibition on the administration of any medication within 24 hours of the race start; and testing and laboratory standards. Burn Horse Durvet

The Bottom Line and Pharmacist Involvement

Based on the available evidence, there may be a place for furosemide in horses with EIPH, but it should not be used in healthy horses for prevention. Many questions regarding the longterm use of furosemide in horses remain to be answered, such as whether it affects the breeding process. There should be federal laws in place for restrictions on medications used in horse racing. The Horseracing Integrity Act could be an important piece of legislation that may assist with establishing federal regulatory standards. Veterinary pharmacists could play an important role in providing drug information education to the horse racing industry on the use of race day medications. Read More

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